Career as Engineer: Top 20 Branches of Engineering


India is a young country, not because it is celebrating 72 years of independence but because by 2020, the youth will make up 34% of the country’s population. With emerging technologies and new disciplines making inroads in practically every product and service-based industry, there is an increasing demand for engineering graduates. It is true that engineering is one of the broadest career paths that provide fast and secured employment in the private as well as the public sector. To meet the growing demand, the number of AICTE approved engineering institutes is 10396 (2017-2018) which is enough to highlight the popularity of engineering these days.


5 Steps to become an Engineer:


1.    Complete Higher Secondary Degree with Science

2.    Pass JEE Main and ADV

3.    Earn a bachelor's degree in engineering from a school accredited by the Indian Government

4.    Complete at least 1 year of engineering internship in relevant industry/sector

5.    Apply to the relevant Government and Private sectors


5 Qualities to become a successful Engineer:


1.    Highly analytical and eye for details

2.    Strong in science, especially mathematics

3.    Imaginative and creative

4.    Good communication skills

5.    Enjoy building things that are efficient and cost-effective





20 Popular Engineering Streams to choose your career from:



1.    Civil engineers

Civil engineers are mostly involved with the investigation, survey, planning, supervision, design and everything related to construction. The domain of civil engineering is broad, and it covers highway engineering, water management engineering, environmental engineering, highway engineering, and geotechnical engineering.


2.    Mechanical engineers

Mechanical Engineers cover maintenance of the machine, machine tools, manufacturing process, components of air conditioning, solar energy, and industrial engineering.



3.    Electrical engineers

Electrical engineers are involved with distribution, generation, instrumentation, and use of electrical power. Electrical engineers work on the production and distribution of electricity, which includes transmission lines, generators and wiring, and lighting.


4.    Aerospace Engineers

Aerospace engineers concentrate on spacecraft engineering and aeronautics. Aerospace Engineers analyze, design, construct, manufacture commercial aircraft, military aircraft, spacecraft as well as missiles.



5.    Agriculture engineers

Agriculture engineers are involved with design and development machineries related to farming. Equipment used during transportation, processing, storage and production of foods is also taken care of by the agriculture engineers. Land resource planning, drainage, irrigation and execution of the farming process are also dealt with by the field engineers.


6.    Automobile Engineers

Automobile engineers are usually concerned with designing, development, repairing and manufacturing of automobiles. Being an automobile designer is one of the most reputed careers considered in India.



7.    Biomedical Engineers

Biomedical engineers are noted as the biology scientists who implement engineering in life science and develop technologies truly advantageous for human and animal lives. Products like revolutionary medicines savings millions of lives. They also develop an artificial life support system, artificial heat, artificial limbs, and other organs.


8.    Ceramic Engineers

Ceramic engineers are involved with non-metallic and inorganic materials that are widely used in industrial application. People studying ceramic engineering design machineries, carry out research and design the latest ceramic products and materials.



9.    Chemical Engineers

Chemical engineers merge techniques of engineering and chemistry principles to help in chemical production. Chemical engineers are involved with designing, construction, supervision, operation of equipment, installation, and plant where materials are subjected to chemical and physical changes. The chemical engineers are solely responsible for the development and operation for various chemical productions.


10.    Computer Engineers

Computer engineers are concerned with hardware and computing technologies starting from designing, manufacturing, and maintenance of every single part.



11.    Environmental Engineers

Environmental engineers are solely devoted to the protection of the environment, including land, air, and water. This field covers a wide range, from the depth of the ocean to the ozone layer. A threat to the environment is a threat to the lifecycle on earth.


12.    Electronic Engineers

Electronic Engineers are involved with integrated circuits, electronic components as well as microprocessors. They are devoted to designing, testing, maintain and supervising the production of electronic equipment.



13.    Industrial Engineers

Industrial Engineers involve in industrial production or manufacturing goods. Industrial engineers also work on selecting equipment and machineries for industry, organizing assembly line, planning industrial layout, inventory control and distribution of the products. 


14.    Instrumentation Engineers

Instrumentation engineers concentrate on designing, constructing and maintaining instruments that are essential for the industrial processes.



15.    Marine Engineers

Marine Engineers are devoted to the research survey and install various marine vessels. Repair and maintenance of the engine rooms of the vessel are done by the marine engineers. Marine engineers are also found as shore engineers taking care of dock machinery and equipment used for loading and unloading cargo.


16.    Metallurgic and Materials Engineers

Metallurgic and Materials Engineers work on different types of metal alloys. Metallurgical engineers involve mechanical metallurgy.



17.    Mining Engineers

Mining Engineers are concerned with the preparation, extraction, and location of the minerals that are used in manufacturing industries. Mining Engineers manage underground pit mines, construction of underground tunnels, mine shafts as well as devise methods for processing plants and transporting minerals. They closely work with metallurgists and geologists. They are also involved in major projects related to air and water pollution.


18.    Telecommunication Engineers

Telecommunication engineers are related to communication systems like radio, cables, TV, communications, and radar.



19.    Microelectronics engineers

Microelectronics engineers are concerned with the fabrication, design, development, and testing the latest electronic circuitry. Modern electronic circuits come with the latest chip technology and the microelectronics work closely with the software engineers to make it work better. This is a serious process that requires careful planning and minute attention for both hardware and software.


20.    Nuclear Engineers

Nuclear Engineers research on radiation and nuclear energy. The engineers design nuclear power plants, develop and operate the same to generate electricity. The job responsibility also includes nuclear fuel handling, cycle, and production as well the nuclear waste management. They are proficient in developing nuclear weapons and the use of radioactive materials for nuclear weapons.


If not sure which branch is ideal for you, here read the career guideline and seek help from the career counselors.


Employment Opportunities


1.    Aerospace/Aeronautical Engineering

Aerospace engineers are hired by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited. Also, Defence Services DRDO hires aerospace engineers for research and development (missile development). The aerospace engineers can work for the Indian Space Research Organization and big aviation organizations like Indian Air Lines, Air India, etc.


2.    Automobile Engineering

The automobile engineers are likely to be hired by defence services and Automobile manufacturing industries.


3.    Agricultural Engineering

Agricultural engineers are mostly hired by Central and State Government Departments, agricultural machinery manufacturing organizations, National Seeds Corporation, National Dairy Development Board, Food Corporation of India, Agricultural Financial Organizations, Nationalized Banks, Agricultural universities and Agricultural Research Organizations.



4.    Ceramic Engineering

Ceramic engineers are hired by the electrical, ceramic, cement and glass engineers. They also work in the research lab involved with ceramic products and equipment.


5.    Biomedical Engineering

Biomedical engineers are mostly hired by the laboratories for research purpose. Most of the opportunities are lying in the private industries for biomedical engineers.


6.    Civil Engineering

Civil engineers are employed by both private and public sectors for designing, manufacturing, and maintenance of the bridges, canals, dams, roads, airports and housing complexes.



7.    Chemical Engineering

Chemical engineers work in diverse manufacturing industries like dyes, paints, drugs, varnishes, petroleum, acids, foods, fertilizers and dairy products.


8.    Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineers are usually hired by the private and government companies generating, transmitting and distributing electrical energy. They are also hired by the manufacturing industry, high powered electrical generating stations, industries manufacturing units and construction of power plants.


9.    Environmental Engineering

Industries and government both hire environmental engineers in order to monitor as well as control pollution. They are also hired to evaluate possible impacts of new projects proposed by the government or any private industry, which may include building hotels, dams and industrial units. Industries hire environmental engineers to deal with product recycling and waste management.


10.    Energy Engineering

Major industries dealing with research and development are likely to hire energy engineers.



11.    Electronic Engineering

Electronic engineers get a job in industries where electronic equipment are manufactured, places where electronic equipment are used extensively such as aerospace industry, radio, automobile industry and IT sectors dealing with a huge number of computers. On the other hand, sales jobs for electronic products are also available. Bioengineering industries also hire electronic engineers to specialize in biomedical equipment.


12.    Instrumentation Engineering

Giant industries like chemical, steel, refineries, fertilizer and power industry recruit instrumentation engineers. Besides, they are also hired by the government, research, and development organization, and the private sector.


13.    Industrial Engineering

Industrial engineers are found in production industries, especially where they are supposed to deal with cost-effective operations, plant efficiency, and quality control.



14.    Metallurgical Engineering

Metallurgists are recruited in plant extracting projects, research laboratories, industries producing metals like nickel, steel, iron, zinc, copper, tin, brass and aluminium. Metallurgical industries like rolling mills and fabrication industries also employ metallurgists.


15.    Mechanical Engineering

Mechanical engineers are hired by almost every industry. Some of the largest employment opportunities are offered to mechanical engineers. Popular industries that hire the greatest number of mechanical engineers are aerospace, railway engineering, machine tools, power plants, and automobile industries.


16.    Nuclear Engineering

Nuclear engineers are primarily recruited in nuclear research and nuclear power plants. Also, nuclear engineers are hired for nuclear installation by nuclear-powered equipment manufacturers.


17.    Microelectronic Engineering

The working area of microelectronic engineers is too broad. Aerospace industries including satellites, aircraft, guided weapons, and information technology, computers, telecommunication hire microelectronic engineers. They are also hired by consumer electronics maintenance companies washing machines, microwave ovens, and medical electronics.



18.    Telecommunication Engineering

Telecommunication engineers are mostly hired by the state government for the broadcasting sector, defence service, communication sector as well as manufacturing industries. Private sectors like electronic and mass communication sector also recruit telecommunication engineers.


19.    Mining Engineering

Mining engineers are recruited as supervisors in mines as well as in mineral development corporation. State government jobs in the mining department are also available.


20.    Robotics Engineering

Robotics engineering is a relatively new field and the job scope is also comparatively higher than other engineering streams. Robotics engineers are hired by industrial giants like Tesla Motors, Lockheed Martin, Kiva Systems, ABB, and iRobot Corporation. Many rising private companies in India also have requirements for robotics engineers.


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